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2016.10.18 23:27 chounies #PhillyRoomates4lyfe

Cause we don't spend enough time on reddit.

2023.04.02 09:07 -Bonjour-- Corse, je t'aime

We have been to Corsica several times, and there are several ways to travel to Corsica by ferry: We went to Nice, took the afternoon ferry and were in Bastia in the evening. The next time we took the night ferry from Savona and arrived in Bastia the next morning. And we also went to Livorno once, took the early morning ferry and were in Bastia by noon.
From Bastia, we first headed north on a 110 km coastal road with small villages and breathtaking views. First we came to ERBALUNGA with its massive tower on a rock by the sea has a picturesque location. Then we passed Maccinaggio, Cap Corse, Centuri-Port - a small romantic fishing port and center of lobster fishing - and continued via Pino to Nonza.
In NONZA the houses cluster around a rock that rises 160 m from the sea. We walked up to the Tour Pouline - a fortified tower from the 16th century. From there you can see the black beach, which makes a great contrast to the turquoise sea.
After we had explored the north, we drove from Bastia down the whole east coast - we made a stop at Moriani Plage with a beautiful sandy beach - to Porto Vecchio.
PORTO VECCHIO has a fantastic location and has a lively old town: the Genoese fortress from 1539 is situated on a hill. Porto Vecchio is the third largest city of Corsica, besides the flourishing tourism there is still the traditional salt mining and other trades especially in the suburbs. The malaria mosquitoes were wiped out in the 1950s, so that even in this area could be built without further ado. The old town consists of only four longitudinal and ten transverse streets, it is closed to traffic in the summer. At the Place de la République people like to drink their Pastis or Kir in the evening. In the old town there are many restaurants in various price ranges and boutiques partly with typical products of the country.
Many people come to Porto Vecchio for its beautiful beaches. BENEDUTTU PLAGE - a long fine sandy beach with a view of Punta di Chiappa and also of Porto Vecchio. A part of PLAGE CALA ROSSA is occupied by a luxury hotel, therefore the fine beach is accessible only from the western side. PALOMBAGGIA PLAGE with white sand and turquoise calm water - one of the most beautiful beaches of Corsica - is surrounded by red rocks. At ST. GUILIA PLAGE some hotels are settled in the meantime. Thus, the once paradisiacal bay has now become more of a commercial place. But the beach is still wonderfully bright and the water crystal clear. RODINARA PLAGE - a dreamlike round bay - one of the most beautiful of Corsica. Once only a dirt road led to the lagoon. Since a real road was built, this bay is very busy in the season.
From Porto Vecchio we made a tour to COL DE BAVELLA (1218 m high) - an impressive landscape. There are good hiking trails, e.g. to the Cumpudella (Trou de la Bombe), a huge hole in the rock face, where you are rewarded with an incredible view after a scramble. In season, of course, it is very busy there, and the "real" hikers come as early as possible in the morning.
Near the small village of L'Ospedale is the drinking water reservoir BARRAGE DE L'OSPEDALE. From there you can hike up to the 70 m high waterfall Piscia di Gallo - but it is more worthwhile in spring, when there is still enough water.
From Porto Vecchio we went on to BONIVACIO, one of the great attractions in Corsica - despite the many visitors. The upper town, where we stayed, is built on a 60 m high chalk rock plateau and still has a historical structure. We could see all the way to Sardinia from our hotel - it was beautiful weather.
The harbor is at the end of the long, narrow inlet. From there it is best to make a tour on foot. From the fortress walls you have a fantastic view of the city, the coast and the sea and all the way to Sardinia. On the harbor promenade there is a sea aquarium in a natural grotto. The shore road leads to the fishing port and the ferry port,
The upper town is reached through the 16th century Porte de Gênes. From the Jardin des Vestiges one has the most beautiful view over the harbor. It is hard to walk from the lower town to the upper town, because it is quite steep and with many stairs.
The journey continued to the extreme southwest, the land of blood vengeance - still until 1840. SARTÈNE - the "most Corsican of all Corsican towns" - is an interesting old town, which is virtually stuck on a rock. Almost no ray of sunlight reaches the winding narrow streets, and the narrow multi-story houses sometimes have window holes like sinister defense towers. The center of the old town is the Place de la Libération with some restaurants where you can sit outside and enjoy your drink.
From Sartène we drove to PROPRIANO. This place was discovered late by the tourists, there is a nice promenade between the marina and the pier, where it is lively especially in the evening. Propriano is located on the Gulf of Valinco, here the rivers Taravo, Baracci and Rizzanese flow. Right next to the lighthouse is the beautiful beach Plage du Lido.
On a scenic coastal road you drive from Propriano to PUNTO DE CAMPOMARO. Here is still an unspoiled stretch of coast with calm turquoise water and bizarre granite rocks. Above the small village of Campomoro you can see a 16th century watchtower.
AJACCIO is the administrative center and capital of Corse du Sud. The city with its southern flair has a beautiful old town with the citadel and many restaurants and stores. Ajaccio is probably best known as the birthplace of Napoléon, whose statue can be seen at Place Maréchal Foch. In the evening it becomes lively in the alleys of the Genoese old town with many bars and restaurants.
Unfortunately, the citadel can only be visited as part of an organized guided tour. Worth seeing is the church "Notre-Dame-de-la-Miséricorde" with a large dome, where Napoleon I was baptized. There is of course also a Casa Bonaparte. In the new town, you can still find some magnificent houses on the Avenue de Paris or the Cours Grandval, where there are often stores and boutiques.
Northwest of Ajaccio one comes to the POINTE DE LA PATARA. You can easily walk to the Genoese tower from 1608 from the parking lot. From there you have a beautiful view of the Iles Sanguinaires with the lighthouse. From the parking lot you can also make a coastal hike to the north. There are beautiful views of the sea everywhere and you can walk down to the beach at Capo de la Fena to cool off. However, the surf is quite strong.
The view was magnificent on the CHEMIN DES CRÈTES, but it was also very difficult to even find an "entry" to this trail. And besides, the Macchi was partly so dense that you had to be careful not to hurt yourself on the thorny bushes.
Especially in the south of Ajaccio there are beautiful beaches. First of all there is PORTICCIO with its long wide beach. Porticcio is now a large seaside resort with good infrastructure.
Then comes the bay with the long PLAGE D'AGOSTA with a view of the Isolella peninsula. In the next bay there is the fine sandy Plage de Ruppione between rocks with quite high waves.
And then comes my absolute favorite beach with fine light sand and crystal clear water - SOLE E MARE, and I hope that there will not also be larger hotel and apartment buildings there.
A beautiful small lonely sandy bay with calm water can be found at PLAGE DE PORTIGLIOLO. North of Ajaccio are the beaches PlLAGE SCUDO and PLAGE MARINELLO, very popular with the locals because they are not too far from the city.
From Ajaccio you can make an excursion to PORTO POLLO. On the way we went through the mountains, where we "got lost" a few times, because there were no signs, and we could only drive by "feeling". Porto Pollo is located on the Gulf of Valinco and has a fine sandy beach with many picturesque round rocks. In summer, a lot of people come here. At the end of September however many things are already closed or will be closed.
A recommendable tour south of Ajaccio is the ROUTE DES COLS. Over various passes and through the largest eucalyptus forest on the island, you come to the small village of Coti Chiavari, 486 m high, with a pretty little church. From there you also have beautiful views of the mountains to the sea.
On a hiking tour, we headed towards Corte and then to the small village of Cuttoli-Corticchiato, continuing to the idyllically situated hamlet of San Petru at 888 m above sea level. From there we went to the MONTE ARAGNASCU, a somewhat arduous tour in the blazing sun. But we were rewarded with a beautiful view of Ajaccio, the Gulf and the Gravonatal.
In the GRAVONA VALLEY is the village of Bocognano, from where you can also hike well. We came on the poorly signposted "Chemin", whereby we were also surprised by rain.
Interesting was that we were accompanied all the way first by several dogs, then later one remained. When we eventually had enough of the rain and the bad path and walked back, we encountered some wild boars which did not look very "friendly". The dog started barking at them. And indeed, they sought the distance. It looked like the dog was trying to protect us somehow. Down in the village we met the owner of the dog - the older man invited us spontaneously for coffee - and he told us that his dog was often on the way as a "companion" for hikers.
Another hiking tour led us first to the GORGES DE PRUNELLI and to the reservoir Lac de Tolla, which supplies Ajaccio with water. From there we went to the large farming village of Bastelica, the gateway to the high mountains. From here, many hiking trails lead into the mountains and to some waterfalls.
Another excursion we made towards the north over the Col de San Bastiano to the Golf de la Liscia to CARGÈSE. This place with a small harbor is located on the southern slope of a headland. Worth seeing is the Greek church "Eglise greque" from the 19th century with old icons. North of Cargèse are of course again beautiful sandy beaches.
From Ajaccio in the direction of Corte we looked at the CASCADE DU VOILE DE LA MARIÉe, where the water normally plunges 150 m into the depth. It was quite a climb and then, unfortunately, the waterfall didn't even have too much water at the end of September.
Through beautiful pine forests we came towards Corte past the famous PONT DU VECCHIU, built in 1927 by Gustave Eiffel. Until 1999 this was the only connection across the gorge, but now there is a modern bridge.
CORTE has the only university in Corsica with about 4000 students. The old town, rich in tradition, is situated below a rock with an old fortress built in the 11th century. In 1962-83 this fortress was used by the Foreign Legion. From the Belvedère viewpoint near the citadel, there is a beautiful view of the mountains and the surroundings of Corte.
Also worth seeing is Fontaine des Quatre-Canons, a colossal fountain that served as a water supply for the upper town in times of siege. On Cours Paoli you can find restaurants, bakeries and many other stores. On the Cours Patrimonial, there are some arts and crafts stores. The 17th century church Eglise de l'Annonciation is one of the oldest buildings in Corte.
From Corte we drove along a narrow road through a beautiful mountain landscape to the RESTONICA VALLEY, a nature reserve with many Corte pine trees. By car, you can drive to the parking lot at the Bergerie de Grotelle. The ascent to Lake Melo was quite difficult, you had to climb over many large stones, sometimes you didn't know at all how to continue and had to climb back, and so on. After about 2 hours we had made it and were at the Melo mountain lake. After a 30-minute rest in the sun, we then needed for the descent again 2 hours. Because with one of my trekking shoes the sole loosened, and I had to hold them together in a makeshift way with the shoelace...
From Corte we went first through the NIOLA VALLEY with numerous hiking trails. For a long time this area was only accessible by mule trails. Here wild boars ran across our path. You can see them especially in autumn when the chestnuts fall from the trees.
The large village of EVISA is located in the middle of chestnut forests and is a popular destination. Here begins (or ends) the hiking trail through the wild gorge of Spelunca. Through a beautiful mountain landscape and a 14 km long granite gorge we came to the GORGE DE SPELUNCA, an impressive gorge where you can hike very well - either from Evisa or from Ota.
In the small very popular town of PORTO at the mouth of the Porto River, we had a beautiful view of the Genoese Tower, the Gulf and the mountains from our hotel. The angular Genoese Tower on a headland is the landmark of Porto.
From Porto we drove to the CALANCHES DE PIANA, which start 8 km behind Porto. The granite rocks here are eroded by wind and water into the most bizarre shapes. The colors vary depending on the time of day, in the evening for example bright red. From the old mule trail - Sentier Muletier - you have great views of the rock world. There are also other trails - e.g. La Corniche.
Then we drove to PIANA, perched on a 434 m cliff, which can call itself "un des plus beaux villages de France". The only sandy beach in the area is the Plage d'Arone in a beautiful crescent shaped bay with only a few people.
From Porto, the best way to get to CALVI is to take the coastal road, which is very winding but takes you through some beautiful scenery on the Gulf of Porto. From our accommodation in Calvi we had a great view of the fortress and the Gulf of Calvi.
Calvi, the pearl of the north, is a well known and popular vacation center. Very nice are the lively alleys in the lower town and the harbor quays. In the alleys of the lower town and the harbor quay you can stroll nicely and also find restaurants and stores. The church "Sainte Marie Majeure" with a polygonal ground plan is striking. The first Christian chapel on this place was built already in the 4th century, subsequent churches were destroyed several times. The present church was built in 1774. Outside the town on the Gulf of Calvi there is a long narrow sandy beach, the water here gets deeper only slowly - ideal for small children.
The citadel "Bastion Spinchone" is the landmark of the city, you can walk around it on a ring of walls and have beautiful views of the city and the sea. The citadel was built on Roman foundations and is the oldest fortified building in Calvi.
Worth seeing is the church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste in the center of the citadel. Originally built in the 13th century, the church was largely destroyed by the explosion of a powder tower in 1567 and subsequently rebuilt in the Baroque style.
A beautiful beach near Calvi is the Plage d'Argentella, about 1 km long, in the bay of Crovani. You can get to the peninsula on a dirt road. You can make a nice but strenuous hike there. From a parking bay you have a beautiful view of the peninsula.
A nicely situated and rather quiet place is l'ILE-ROUSSEL with a small harbor and the Genoese tower and lighthouse on the peninsula "La Pietra". The village owes its name to this offshore island, which has now been turned into a peninsula by a dam and turns red at sunset.
L'Ile Rousse was laid out in 1765 in a rectangular street pattern around the harbor and is said to have the mildest winter climate in Corsica. In the alleys of the old town of L'Ile-Rousse there are several small shops selling souvenirs, jewelry, clothing, wine, etc. In the Marché Couvert there is a market in the morning. In the surroundings of Ile-Rousse there are many light sandy beaches.
Between Calvi and L'Ile-Rousse in the small village of Algajola there is a very beautiful wide and 1.5 km long beach - PLAGE D'AREGNO. In high summer, the beach is apparently very crowded. When we were there in mid-September, we had the beach to ourselves.
SAINT FLORENT is located in the north of Corsica on the wide bay of the same name - in winter an idyllic fishing village. Since the place is very popular, the population increases tenfold in the summer. A point of attraction for tourists is the large marina. In the center you can find bars, restaurants and many souvenir stores. St. Florent is also called "St. Tropez of the island" because of its special flair. On a panoramic road above Saint Florent one has again and again beautiful views of mountains and sea.
On the way to Bastia you can make a detour to the local mountain of Bastia - the 960 m high SERRA DI PIGNO. On a clear day you have a good panoramic view over both sides of Cap Corse .
BASTIA is the most important port for ferries from the French and Italian mainland and also for freight traffic. Bastia is the biggest commercial and economic center of Corsica with an industrial zone. But Bastia is also a busy center of Corsican everyday life. The Place Saint Nicolas with plane trees and palm trees is 300 meters long and 90 meters wide, making it one of the largest squares in France. The beach Plage Arinella, located south of the city, is very wide and long, but unfortunately not very attractive.
The heart of Bastia's Terra Vecchia district is the horseshoe-shaped Vieux Port with the church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste in the background. Walking north through the narrow streets, you come to the Place de l'Hôtel de Ville, where a market is held on weekends.
Around the dock there are many restaurants in all price ranges. When we are in Bastia, we always have our aperitif at a bistro where we have a nice view of the small harbor and the church.
The citadel was built by Genoese in 1380. There are the magnificently renovated Governor's Palace, the Cathedral of Sainte-Marie-de l'Assomption - a Genoese Baroque building erected in 1604-1619 - and the small chapel Oratoire de la ConfrIère de la Sainte-Croix, where you can see a cross made of black ebony in a side chapel.
The palace was the seat of the Genoese governors between the 15th and 18th centuries, today it houses the Ethnographic Museum.
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2023.04.02 07:21 Icy_Zookeepergame615 NYPD lookin for dude

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2023.04.02 04:05 LouieReckless Ain't no way 😭😭

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2023.04.01 21:54 Paladinfinitum The Shocking Never-Before-Seen Connection in US (2019)! (NON-SPOILER except for the very very first scene!)

Hello Internet! Welcome to... the Internet! The place where people sometimes do for free what MatPat does for MILLIONS of dollars. (You know that "attic" he films his YouTube Shorts in? More like "penthouse suite" in his hundred-floor mansion!)
Anyway, I've had this theory (a FILM theory!) bouncing around my head for a while, and it took me all of March to work out the convoluted connections, but fortunately, it is all SPOILER-FREE - because while it does involve the movie US (2019), it involves exactly one part of one scene, the very first scene in the entire movie, and knowing that will not spoil the rest of the movie for you. If you're still worried, feel free to go watch the movie right now and come right back! Now have a sit down with your extended family, this is going to be quite a ride!
So, here is the launching point of this theory: In the very first scene of US (2019), a television screen shows a lengthy commercial. That commercial is for...
HANDS ACROSS AMERICA, an event that occurred on May 25, 1986. On that day, people attempted to create a continuous human chain of people connecting the east and west coasts of the United States. They didn't quite succeed, though there are some calculations that maybe there were enough people to possibly make it happen if they were positioned just right. But it wasn't just a stunt, it was a fundraiser where people donated money to reserve their place, and that money, roughly fifteen million dollars, was donated to local charities. And this event was created by...
KEN KRAGEN, a music manager and producer, who over his lifetime managed such stars as Trisha Yearwood, Travis Tritt, and Kenny Rogers. He also was the executive producer of The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. (He was also part of the chaotic Leno/Letterman battle for the Tonight Show, and portrayed himself in a movie based on it.) The year before he created Hands Across America, he was part of another fundraising event...
WE ARE THE WORLD (1985), an album and also famously the title of a song sung by numerous musicians, including Stevie Wonder, Tina Turner, Michael Jackson, Diana Ross, and Ray Charles (with forty-seven musicians all told). This supergroup was called USA for Africa, and used the millions of dollars collected (equivalent to $156,000,000 today) from sales to ship food, medicine, and clothing to Ethiopia, Sudan, and other African countries. While Kragen was the primary reason so many musicians took part, another person was also responsible for the event...
HARRY BELAFONTE, one of the most successful Caribbean-American singers and known for his Calypso songs such as The Banana Boat Song ("Day-O!"), though he sung in numerous genres. He was also a friend of Martin Luther King Jr. and continues to be involved in causes he believes in (including being part of the Hands Across America event above). He is also known for his movie roles including Island in the Sun. He was such a fan of acting that, when he was younger and needed to save money, he and a friend would buy one ticket total to see a show - one would go in to see the first half, then fill his friend in on what had happened so the other could watch the second half. And who was that friend?
SIDNEY POITIER, an actor and director who was the first black actor and first Bahamian to win the Acadamey Award for Best Actor for the movie "Lilies of the Field." He took acting classes at the Dramatic Workshop in New York, with his friend Belafonte and others such as Marlon Brando and Bea Arthur. While Poitier is also known for movies such as Guess Who's Coming to Dinner and A Raisin in the Sun, he is also known for the film...
IN THE HEAT OF THE NIGHT (1967), a mystery drama film where Poitier plays a black detective who must solve a murder in a small Mississippi town, where most of the residents despise him for his skin color, while the police, led by Rod Steiger's police chief, reluctantly assist him. The movie was a hit, and two sequels were made, as well as a television series in the 80s. Despite being set in the South, the film was actually shot in three towns in Illinois, including...
CHESTER, IL, a city along the Mississippi River, founded in 1829 by Samuel Smith, who named the city after his wife's hometown in England. Both Charles Dickens and Mark Twain are recorded as visiting the city; Twain wrote about it in his book, "Life on the Mississippi." It was also the home of E.C. Segar, who created the comic strip Thimble Theater and based the look of his characters on people around town. One of them, Frank Feigel, was a one-eyed brawler with a pipe, thus inspiring...
POPEYE, the Sailor Man, was a breakout star of Thimble Theater and soon became the subject of his own comics. He would generally solve problems by punching them, and under extreme circumstance would pop open a can of spinach and consume it in one gulp to gain incredible powers. Along with his longtime girlfriend Olive Oyl and rival Bluto, he would gain fame in animated cartoons and eventually a movie starring Robin Williams sporting gigantic forearms. In fact, Sony Pictures Animation intended to put forth a new computer-animated movie directed by Genndy Tartakovsky. But the movie was postponed and then eventually cancelled. And which amazing movie did Sony Pictures Animation create to take its place?
THE EMOJI MOVIE (2017), a movie about emojis. While a commercial success, critics were not exactly thrilled by the script, or the product placement, or the plot, or much of anything. Winning four Golden Raspberry Awards, it is generally considered a bad movie (except by Mr. Jacksfilms Douglas, who has been called "the #1 fan" of the film and attended its world premiere). One critique was the presence of the talking, ambulatory "poop" emoji, voiced by British actor Patrick Stewart. While Stewart is known for his amusing playing-against-type roles in animation, he actually took the role only after it was offered to another actor...
JORDAN PEELE, who upon realizing what the previous role entailed, was so annoyed that he decided to change the direction of his ENTIRE CAREER. As part of "Key & Peele," he was known as a hilarious actor and comedian, though his work behind the camera for the sketches was often noted for its skill and seriousness. He went on to present "Get Out" (coincidentally also in 2017), a psychological horror movie that received both box-office success and ciritcal acclaim for its plot and direction. Which then resulted in Peele creating a second horror film that opened just two years later...
And THAT, my friends, is how the first scene of US (2019) is connected to... the movie US (2019)!
And if you're left feeling a little confused, just bear in mind that it took me the whole month to write this up... and therefore, it's being displayed one day after the last day of March.
(Source is Wikipedia, the most trustworthy of all sources ever. The only stretch is connecting the demise of Popeye to the rise of the Emoji Movie. I can point to this YouTube video by Midnight's Edge ( that specifies it wasn't a direct cause-and-effect, but happened pretty much at the same time, so it's just enough of a correlation.)
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2023.04.01 19:47 B_Secreto_Azteca ¿Sientes que tu pareja está lejos, aunque esté a tu lado? Haz que su presencia se sienta con ayuda de mis rituales ¡Llama y te ayudo!

¿Sientes que tu pareja está lejos, aunque esté a tu lado? Haz que su presencia se sienta con ayuda de mis rituales ¡Llama y te ayudo!

Como experto en amarres de amor, creo firmemente en la importancia de sentir la presencia física y real de la persona que amamos. Si bien la conexión energética es importante, los amarres pueden fortalecer esa conexión y hacer que la presencia de esa persona sea más significativa en nuestra vida. No necesitas que ella te mire para sentir su presencia, ¡pero sí puedes hacer que esté presente contigo gracias a mis amarres de endulzamiento de amor Chicago!
Amarra a esa persona especial a tu vida y disfruta de su presencia física y real en todo momento. Mis amarres de amor son una forma efectiva y segura de atraer a esa persona hacia ti y mantenerla a tu lado de manera permanente. Con mis servicios, podrás fortalecer y profundizar la conexión que compartes con ella, y experimentar una conexión más profunda y significativa.
La presencia de alguien a quien amas puede ser reconfortante y poderosa, pero puede ser difícil de mantener si no se siente físicamente. Los amarres de amor pueden ayudarte a mantener esa conexión y hacer que la presencia de esa persona sea más real y tangible en tu vida. No pierdas la oportunidad de fortalecer esa conexión y disfrutar de la presencia de esa persona especial en todo momento.
En conclusión, los amarres de amor son una excelente manera de hacer que la presencia de esa persona especial en tu vida sea más significativa. No necesitas que ella te mire para sentir su presencia, puedes recuperar el amor de ella y hacer que esté a tu lado. Ponte en contacto conmigo al: (+1) (773) 499-6998 para que puedas solicitar los hechizos de amor Chicago y aprovechar mi primera consulta gratis para comenzar a disfrutar de una conexión más profunda y significativa con esa persona especial. No dudes en visitarme: 2415 South Kedzie. Chicago, IL
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2023.04.01 19:37 ThePoliticalLibrary Books about workers, labor, the lower-classes, and left-wing politics in the United States and Canada (Books that are free to borrow and read online on the Internet Archive): Part 2

Disclaimer: The Internet Archive is currently undergoing litigation to determine the legality of its book lending program that is being challenged by major publishers. Impending legal action may render this list obsolete for the purpose of borrowing these books from the Internet Archive. To learn more, search up Hachette v. Internet Archive.
Cybersecurity Disclaimer: Exercise caution and practice computer security measures when downloading and opening various files from the Internet as they can be used to attack your computer with malicious code.
The format of this list previously took the form of a post with a chain of comments continuing the list due to character limits. This list is now divided into separate posts (which I believe would be easier to update and search) indicated as Part 1, Part 2, and so on.
The lending library of the Internet Archive allows you to renew your checkout immediately after the time for borrowing has elapsed, whether it's borrowable for 1 hour or 14 days. This selection of books will be updated. I recommend to those interested to check this post once a week for updates.
This list has exceeded the character limit for this post. For the other parts of this list, see:
Part 1: /Social_Democracy/comments/128sx7n/books_about_workers_labor_the_lowerclasses_and/
Part 2: You are here.
Part 3: /Social_Democracy/comments/128t4wz/books_about_workers_labor_the_lowerclasses_and/
Morris Hillquit - History of Socialism in the United States (Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition) (1910) (Public domain)
Morris Hillquit - Loose Leaves from a Busy Life (1934) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Hugh D. Hindman - Child Labor: An American History (2002) (Borrowable for 14 days)
John Hinshaw, Paul Le Blanc - U.S. Labor in the Twentieth Century: Studies in Working-Class Struggles and Insurgency (2000) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Susan Eleanor Hirsch (author) - After the Strike: A Century of Labor Struggle at Pullman (2003) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Dirk Hoerder - "Struggle a Hard Battle": Essays on Working-Class Immigrants (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Michael K. Honey - Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights: Organizing Memphis Workers (1993) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Michael Keith Honey - Black Workers Remember: An Oral History of Segregation, Unionism, and the Freedom Struggle (1999) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Michael K. Honey (author) - Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King's Last Campaign (2007) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Roger Horowitz - "Negro and White, Unite and Fight!": A Social History of Industrial Unionism in Meatpacking, 1930-90 (1997) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Victor Howard - "We Were the Salt of the Earth!": A Narrative of the On-to-Ottawa Trek and the Regina Riot (1985) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Hosea Hudson - Black Worker in the Deep South: A Personal Record (1991) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Horace Huntley, David Montgomery (editors) - Black Workers' Struggle for Equality in Birmingham (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Janet Irons - Testing the New Deal: The General Textile Strike of 1934 in the American South (2000) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Andrew Jackson, Mark P. Thomas (authors) - Work and Labour in Canada: Critical Issues (2017) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Stuart Marshall Jamieson - Labor Unionism in American Agriculture (1945) (Public domain)
Vernon H. Jensen - Heritage of Conflict: Labor Relations in the Nonferrous Metals Industry up to 1930 (1950) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Edward P. Johanningsmeier - Forging American Communism: The Life of William Z. Foster (1994) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bernard K. Johnpoll - Pacifist's Progress: Norman Thomas and the Decline of American Socialism (1970) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bernard K. Johnpoll, Lillian Johnpoll - The Impossible Dream: The Rise and Demise of the American Left (1981) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bernard K. Johnpoll, Harvey Klehr - Biographical Dictionary of the American Left (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Christopher H. Johnson - Maurice Sugar: Law, Labor, and the Left in Detroit, 1912-1950 (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Mother Jones - Autobiography of Mother Jones (1925) (Public domain)
Matthew Josephson - Sidney Hillman: Statesman of American Labor (1952) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Maurice Jourdane - The Struggle for the Health and Legal Protection of Farm Workers: El Cortico (2004) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Max M. Kampelman - The Communist Party vs. the C.I.O.: A Study in Power Politics (1957) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Marc Karson - American Labor Unions and Politics, 1900-1918 (1958) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Daniel Katz - All Together Different: Yiddish Socialists, Garment Workers, and the Labor Roots of Multiculturalism (2011) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Daniel Katz, Richard A. Greenwald (editors) - Labor Rising: The Past and Future of Working People in America (2012) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Stuart Bruce Kaufman - Samuel Gompers and the Origins of the American Federation of Labor, 1848-1896 (1973) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Stuart Bruce Kaufman - A Vision of Unity: The History of the Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Stuart Bruce Kaufman - Challenge & Change: The History of the Tobacco Workers International Union (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Stuart B. Kaufman - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 1: The Making of a Union Leader, 1850-86 (1986) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Stuart B. Kaufman - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 2: The Early Years of the American Federation of Labor, 1887-90 (1987) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Stuart B. Kaufman, Peter J. Albert - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 3: Unrest and Depression, 1891-94 (1989) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Stuart B. Kaufman, Peter J. Albert, Grace Palladino - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 4: A National Labor Movement Takes Shape, 1895-98 (1991) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Stuart B. Kaufman, Peter J. Albert, Grace Palladino - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 5: An Expanding Movement at the Turn of the Century, 1898-1902 (1996) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Stuart B. Kaufman, Peter J. Albert, Grace Palladino - The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 6: The American Federation of Labor and the Rise of Progressivism, 1902-6 (1997) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Gregory S. Kealey, Bryan D. Palmer - Dreaming of What Might Be: The Knights of Labor in Ontario, 1880-1900 (1982) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Gregory S. Kealey, Peter Warrian (editors) - Essays in Canadian Working Class History (1976) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Linda Kealey - Enlisting Women for the Cause: Women, Labour, and the Left in Canada, 1890-1920 (1998) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Hartmut Keil, John B. Jentz - German Workers in Chicago: A Documentary History of Working-Class Culture from 1850 to World War I (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harry Kelber (author) - My 70 Years in the Labor Movement (2006) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Peter Kellman (author) - Divided We Fall: The Story of the Paperworkers' Union and the Future of Labor (2004) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
James J. Kenneally - Women and American Trade Unions (1981) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Susan Estabrook Kennedy - If All We Did Was To Weep At Home: A History of White Working-Class Women in America (1979) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Alexander Keyssar - Out of Work: The First Century of Unemployment in Massachusetts (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Howard Kimeldorf - Battling for American Labor: Wobblies, Craft Workers, and the Making of the Union Movement (1999) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Martin Luther King Jr., Michael K. Honey - "All Labor Has Dignity" (2011) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ira Kipnis - The American Socialist Movement, 1897-1912 (1952) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Harvey Klehr - The Heyday of American Communism: The Depression Decade (1984) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, Kyrill M. Anderson - The Soviet World of American Communism (1998) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov - The Secret World of American Communism (1995) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Jeffrey D. Kleiman - Strike!: How the Furniture Workers Strike of 1911 Changed Grand Rapids (2006) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Joyce L. Kornbluh (editor) - Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology (2011) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Robert Rodgers Korstad (author) - Civil Rights Unionism: Tobacco Workers and the Struggle for Democracy in the Mid-Twentieth-Century South (2003) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Philip Korth - Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934 (1995) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Philip A. Korth, Margaret R. Beegle - I Remember Like Today: The Auto-Lite Strike of 1934 (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Aileen S. Kraditor - "Jimmy Higgins": The Mental World of the American Rank-and-File Communist, 1930-1958 (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Henry Kraus - Heroes of Unwritten Story: The UAW, 1934-39 (1993) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Clifford M. Kuhn - Contesting the New South Order: The 1914-1915 Strike at Atlanta's Fulton Mills (2001) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Josiah Bartlett Lambert (author) - "If the Workers Took a Nation": The Right to Strike and American Political Development (2005) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Eric Larson - Jobs with Justice: 25 Years, 25 Voices (2013) (Borrowable for 14 days)
John H. M. Laslett - Labor and the Left: A Study of Socialist and Radical Influences in the American Labor Movement, 1881-1924 (1970) (Borrowable for 14 days)
John H. M. Laslett, Seymour Martin Lipset - Failure of a Dream?: Essays in the History of American Socialism (Revised Edition) (1984) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Bruce Laurie - Working People of Philadelphia, 1800-1850 (1980) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bruce Laurie - Artisans into Workers: Labor in Nineteenth-Century America (1989) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Paul Le Blanc - A Short History of the U.S. Working Class: From Colonial Times to the Twenty-first Century (1999) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Elaine Leeder (author) - The Gentle General: Rosa Pesotta, Anarchist and Labor Organizer (1993) (Borrowable for 14 days)
John C. Leggett - Class, Race, and Labor: Working-Class Consciousness in Detroit (1968) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Sidney Lens - Left, Right & Center: Conflicting Forces in American Labor (1949) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Sidney Lens - The Labor Wars: From the Molly Maguires to the Sitdowns (1973) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Sidney Lens - Unrepentant Radical: An American Activist's Account of Five Turbulent Decades (1980) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Les Leopold - The Man Who Hated Work and Loved Labor: The Life and Times of Tony Mazzocchi (2007) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harvey A. Levenstein - Labor Organizations in the United States and Mexico: A History of Their Relations (1971) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harvey A. Levenstein - Communism, Anticommunism, and the CIO (1981) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Edward Levinson - Labor on the March (1995) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Nelson Lichtenstein - Walter Reuther: The Most Dangerous Man in Detroit (1995) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Nelson Lichtenstein - State of the Union: A Century of American Labor (2002) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Lawrence M. Lipin - Producers, Proletarians, and Politicians: Workers and Party Politics in Evansville and New Albany Indiana, 1850-87 (1994) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
H. A. Logan - Trade Unions in Canada: Their Development and Functioning (1948) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Steven Henry Lopez (author) - Reorganizing the Rust Belt: An Inside Study of the American Labor Movement (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
James J. Lorence - Organizing the Unemployed: Community and Union Activists in the Industrial Heartland (1996) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Edward C. Lorenz (author) - Defining Global Justice: The History of U.S. International Labor Standards Policy (2001) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Lewis L. Lorwin - The American Federation of Labor: History, Policies, and Prospects (1933) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Miriam Ching Yoon Louie (author) - Sweatshop Warriors: Immigrant Women Workers Take On the Global Factory (2001) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Jay Lovestone - The Government-Strikebreaker: A Study of the Role of the Government in the Recent Industrial Crisis (1923) (Public domain)
Beatrice Lumpkin - "Always Bring a Crowd!": The Story of Frank Lumpkin, Steelworker (1999) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Laurel Sefton MacDowell (author) - 'Remember Kirkland Lake': The History and Effects of the Kirkland Lake Gold Miners' Strike, 1941-42 (1983) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Laurel Sefton MacDowell, Ian Radforth (editors) - Canadian Working-Class History: Selected Readings (Third Edition; 2006) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Charles A. Madison - American Labor Leaders: Personalities and Forces in the Labor Movement (Second, Enlarged Edition) (1950) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Richard Magat - Unlikely Partners: Philanthropic Foundations and the Labor Movement (1999) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bernard Mandel - Labor: Free and Slave: Workingmen and the Anti-Slavery Movement in the United States (1955) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Bernard Mandel - Samuel Gompers: A Biography (1963) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Gerald Markowitz, David Rosner - "Slaves of the Depression": Workers' Letters About Life on the Job (1987) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Frank Marquart - An Auto Worker's Journal: The UAW from Crusade to One-Party Union (1975) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Philip L. Martin (author) - Promise Unfulfilled: Unions, Immigration and the Farm Workers (2003) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Lucy Randolph Mason (author) - To Win These Rights: A Personal Story of the CIO in the South (1952) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
James J. Matles, James Higgins - Them and Us: Struggles of a Rank-and-File Union (1974) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Joseph A. McCartin - Collision Course: Ronald Reagan, the Air Traffic Controllers, and the Strike that Changed America (2011) (Borrowable for 14 days)
LaRue McCormick - Activist in the Radical Movement, 1930-1960, the International Labor Defense, the Communist Party (1980) (Transcript)
Robert S. McElvaine - Down & Out in the Great Depression: Letters from the Forgotten Man (1983) (Borrowable for 14 days)
George S. McGovern, Leonard F. Guttridge - The Great Coalfield War (1972) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Doris B. McLaughlin - Michigan Labor: A Brief History from 1818 to the Present (1970) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Melton Alonza McLaurin - Paternalism and Protest: Southern Cotton Mill Workers and Organized Labor, 1875-1905 (1971) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Donald L. McMurry - The Great Burlington Strike of 1888: A Case History in Labor Relations (1956) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Donald L. McMurry - Coxey's Army: A Study of the Industrial Army Movement of 1894 (1968) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Tony Michels (author) - A Fire in Their Hearts: Yiddish Socialists in New York (2005) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Dione Miles - Something in Common: An IWW Bibliography (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ruth Milkman - Women, Work and Protest: A Century of US Women's Labor History (1985) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ruth Milkman - Farewell to the Factory: Auto Workers in the Late Twentieth Century (1997) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ruth Milkman (editor) - Organizing Immigrants: The Challenge for Unions in Contemporary California (2000) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ruth Milkman (author) - L.A. Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement (2006) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Ruth Milkman, Kim Voss (editors) - Rebuilding Labor: Organizing and Organizers in the New Union Movement (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Sally M. Miller - Victor Berger and the Promise of Constructive Socialism, 1910-1920 (1973) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Sally M. Miller - From Prairie to Prison: The Life of Social Activist Kate Richards O'Hare (1993) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Timothy J. Minchin : What Do We Need a Union For?: The TWUA in the South, 1945-1955 (1997) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Timothy J. Minchin (author) - Fighting Against the Odds: A History of Southern Labor Since World War II (2005) (Borrowable for 14 days)
William A. Mirola - Redeeming Time: Protestantism and Chicago's Eight-Hour Movement, 1866-1912 (2015) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Ronald L. Mize, Alicia C. S. Swords (authors) - Consuming Mexican Labor: From the Bracero Program to NAFTA (2011) (Borrowable for 14 days)
David Montgomery - Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, 1862-1872 (1967) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
David Montgomery - The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 (1987) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Kim Moody - An Injury to All: The Decline of American Unionism (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Paul D. Moreno (author) - Black Americans and Organized Labor: A New History (2006) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
H. Wayne Morgan - Eugene V. Debs: Socialist for President (1962) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
James Naylor - The Fate of Labour Socialism: The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and the Dream of a Working-Class Future (2016) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Ruth Needleman (author) - Black Freedom Fighters in Steel: The Struggle for Democratic Unionism (2003) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bruce C. Nelson - Beyond the Martyrs: A Social History of Chicago's Anarchists, 1870-1900 (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Daniel Nelson - Farm and Factory: Workers in the Midwest, 1880-1990 (1995) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Andrew Neufeld, Andrew Parnaby - The IWA in Canada: The Life and Times of an Industrial Union (2000) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Maurice F. Neufeld, Naiel J. Leab, Dorothy Swanson - American Working Class History: A Representative Bibliography (1983) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Peter E. Newell - The Impossibilists: A Brief Profile of the Socialist Party of Canada (2008) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Katherine S. Newman (author) - Chutes and Ladders: Navigating the Low-Wage Labor Market (2006) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Philip Yale Nicholson (author) - Labor's Story in the United States (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Kathleen Banks Nutter - The Necessity of Organization: Mary Kenney O'Sullivan and Trade Unionism for Women, 1892-1912 (2000) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Harvey O'Connor - History of Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO) (1950) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Harvey O'Connor - Revolution in Seattle: A Memoir (1964) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Jessie Lloyd O'Connor, Harvey O'Connor, Susan M. Bowler - Harvey and Jessie: A Couple of Radicals (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Richard Jules Oestreicher - Solidarity and Fragmentation: Working People and Class Consciousness in Detroit, 1875-1900 (1986) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Brigid O'Farrell, Joyce L. Kornbluh (authors) - Rocking the Boat: Union Women's Voices, 1915-1975 (1996) (Borrowable for 14 days)
James Oneal - The Workers in American History (Fourth Edition, Revised and Enlarged) (1921) (Public domain)
James Oneal - A History of the Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union, Local 10, Affiliated with The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (1927) (Public domain)
James Oneal, G. A. Werner - American Communism: A Critical Analysis of its Origins, Development and Programs (New and Revised Edition) (1947) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Robert W. Ozanne - The Labor Movement in Wisconsin: A History (1984) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Kris Paap (author) - Working Construction: Why White Working-Class Men Put Themselves-and the Labor Movement-in Harm's Way (2006) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Nell Irvin Painter - The Narrative of Hosea Hudson: His Life as a Negro Communist in the South (1979) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Bryan D. Palmer - A Communist Life: Jack Scott and the Canadian Workers Movement, 1927-1985 (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
David Palmer - Organizing the Shipyards: Union Strategy in Three Northeast Ports, 1933-1945 (1998) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Leo Panitch, Donald Swartz (authors) - From Consent to Coercion: The Assault on Trade Union Freedoms (Third Edition; 2003) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Robert D. Parmet - The Master of Seventh Avenue: David Dubinsky and the American Labor Movement (2005) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Karen Pastorello - A Power among Them: Bessie Abramowitz Hillman and the Making of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (2008) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Brad A. Paul (author) - Rebels of the New South: The Socialist Party in Dixie, 1892-1920 (1999) (Dissertation)
Henry Pelling - American Labor (1960) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Norman Penner - The Canadian Left: A Critical Analysis (1977) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Norman Penner - Canadian Communism: The Stalin Years and Beyond (1988) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Selig Perlman - A History of Trade Unionism in the United States (1922) (Public domain)
Selig Perlman, Philip Taft - History of Labor in the United States, 1896-1932: Volume IV: Labor Movements (1935) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Rosa Pesotta (author), John Nicholas Beffel (editor) - Bread Upon the Waters (1987) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Craig Phelan - William Green: Biography of a Labor Leader (1989) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Paul A. Phillips - No Power Greater: A Century of Labor in British Columbia (1967) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Terence V. Powderly, Harry J. Carman, Henry David, Paul N. Guthrie - The Path I Trod: The Autobiography of Terence V. Powderly (1940) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Norma Fain Pratt - Morris Hillquit: A Political History of an American Jewish Socialist (1979) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Art Preis (author) - Labor's Giant Step: Twenty Years of the CIO (1972) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
William Preston Jr. - Aliens and Dissenters: Federal Suppression of Radicals, 1903-1933 (Second Edition) (1994) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Marco G. Prouty (author) - César Chávez, The Catholic Bishops, and the Farmworkers' Struggle for Social Justice (2006) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Fran Quigley - If We can Win Here: The New Front Lines of the Labor Movement (2015) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Howard H. Quint - The Forging of American Socialism: Origins of the Modern Movement (1964) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Peter J. Rachleff - Black Labor in Richmond (1989) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Peter Rachleff - Hard-Pressed in the Heartland: The Hormel Strike and the Future of the Labor Movement (1993) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Joseph G. Rayback - A History of American Labor (Expanded and Updated) (1966) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Louis S. Reed - The Labor Philosophy of Samuel Gompers (1930) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Merl E. Reed, Leslie S. Hough, Gary M. Fink - Southern Workers and Their Unions, 1880-1975: Selected Papers, The Second Southern Labor History Conference, 1978 (1981) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Carl Reeve - The Life and Times of Daniel De Leon (1971) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Charles M. Rehmus, Doris B. McLaughlin, Frederick H. Nesbitt - Labor and American Politics: A Book of Readings (Revised Edition) (1978) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Adam D. Reich - With God on Our Side: The Struggle for Workers' Rights in a Catholic Hospital (2012) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Patrick Renshaw - The Wobblies: The Story of the IWW and Syndicalism in the United States (New, Updated Edition) (1999) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Chris Rhomberg - The Broken Table: The Detroit Newspaper Strike and the State of American Labor (2012) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Lawrence Richards - Union-Free America: Workers and Antiunion Culture (2008) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Yevette Richards - Maida Springer: Pan-Africanist and International Labor Leader (2000) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Al Richmond - A Long View from the Left: Memoirs of an American Revolutionary (1972) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Angel Quintero Rivera - Workers' Struggle in Puerto Rico: A Documentary History (1976) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Martin Robin - Radical Politics and Canadian Labour, 1880-1930 (1968) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Donald B. Robinson - Spotlight on a Union: The Story of the United Hatters, Cap and Millinery Workers International Union (1948) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Seth Rockman (author) - Scraping By: Wage Labor, Slavery, and Survival in Early Baltimore (2009) (Borrowable for 14 days)
David R. Roediger, Philip S. Foner - Our Own Time: A History of American Labor and the Working Day (1989) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Jarod Roll (author) - Spirit of Rebellion: Labor and Religion in the New Cotton South (2010) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Troy Rondinone (author) - The Great Industrial War: Framing Class Conflict in the Media, 1865-1950 (2010) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Tracy Roof (author) - American Labor, Congress, and the Welfare State, 1935-2010 (2011) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Franklin Rosemont - Joe Hill: The IWW & the Making of a Revolutionary Workingclass Counterculture (Second Edition) (2015) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Robert A. Rosenstone - Romantic Revolutionary: A Biography of John Reed (1975) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Robert J. S. Ross (author) - Slaves to Fashion: Poverty and Abuse in the New Sweatshops (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Philip F. Rubio (author) - There's Always Work at the Post Office: African American Postal Workers and the Fight for Jobs, Justice, and Equality (2010) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
Deborah Rudacille - Roots of Steel: Boom and Bust in an American Mill Town (2010) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Gene Ruffini (author) - Harry Van Arsdale Jr.: Labor's Champion (2003) (Borrowable for 1 hour)
James G. Ryan - Earl Browder: The Failure of American Communism (1997) (Borrowable for 14 days)
Shelley Sallee (author) - The Whiteness of Child Labor Reform in the New South (2004) (Borrowable for 14 days)
submitted by ThePoliticalLibrary to Social_Democracy [link] [comments]

2023.04.01 18:39 Hospiwhater Fun Fact I just learned: KML files from NWS storm reports can be used on Google Earth Pro, with time controls!

Fun Fact I just learned: KML files from NWS storm reports can be used on Google Earth Pro, with time controls! submitted by Hospiwhater to weather [link] [comments]

2023.04.01 16:42 letsgobetaverse Gobetaverse Betting & Prediction Line UP - April 1 (161 sport events)

Start Here! How to make betting picks and predictions with Gobetaverse?

United States - NBA

Los Angeles Clippers @ New Orleans Pelicans Dallas Mavericks @ Miami Heat

United States - NHL

St. Louis Blues @ Nashville Predators Boston Bruins @ Pittsburgh Penguins Buffalo Sabres @ Philadelphia Flyers Carolina Hurricanes @ Montreal Canadiens Florida Panthers @ Columbus Blue Jackets New York Islanders @ Tampa Bay Lightning Toronto Maple Leafs @ Ottawa Senators New Jersey Devils @ Chicago Blackhawks Dallas Stars @ Colorado Avalanche Los Angeles Kings @ Seattle Kraken Minnesota Wild @ Vegas Golden Knights San Jose Sharks @ Arizona Coyotes Anaheim Ducks @ Edmonton Oilers

United States - NCAAB

Miami Hurricanes @ Connecticut Florida Atlantic @ San Diego State

England - Premier League

Manchester City vs Liverpool Arsenal vs Leeds Utd Bournemouth vs Fulham Brighton vs Brentford Crystal Palace vs Leicester City Nottm Forest vs Wolverhampton Chelsea vs Aston Villa

Spain - La Liga

Girona vs Espanyol Athletic Bilbao vs Getafe Cadiz vs Sevilla FC Elche vs FC Barcelona

Italy - Serie A

Cremonese vs Atalanta Inter Milan vs Fiorentina Juventus vs Hellas Verona

Germany - Bundesliga

Freiburg vs Hertha Berlin RB Leipzig vs FSV Mainz Schalke 04 vs Leverkusen Union Berlin vs Stuttgart Wolfsburg vs FC Augsburg Bayern Munich vs Dortmund

France - Ligue 1

Auxerre vs Troyes Rennes vs Lens

Netherlands - Eredivisie

AZ Alkmaar vs Heerenveen Excelsior vs FC Twente Cambuur vs FC Emmen NEC Nijmegen vs PSV Eindhoven RKC Waalwijk vs Vitesse Arnhem

Belgium - Pro League

Cercle Brugge vs Kortrijk Seraing vs Gent Westerlo vs Charleroi Oostende vs Standard Liege

Turkey - Super Lig

Basaksehir vs Ankaragucu Trabzonspor vs Kayserispor Galatasaray vs Adana Demirspor

England - EFL Championship

Luton Town vs Watford Preston vs Blackpool Birmingham City vs Blackburn Bristol City vs Reading Cardiff City vs Swansea City Coventry City vs Stoke City Huddersfield vs Middlesbrough Hull City vs Rotherham Norwich City vs Sheffield Utd West Brom vs Millwall Wigan Athletic vs QP Rangers

Spain - La Liga 2

Burgos vs Racing Leganes vs Cartagena Tenerife vs Villarreal B Real Oviedo vs Eibar

Italy - Serie B

Ascoli vs Brescia Cagliari vs Sudtirol Cosenza vs Pisa Parma vs Palermo SPAL vs Ternana Venezia vs Como Bari vs Benevento Perugia vs Frosinone

Germany - Bundesliga 2

Hannover 96 vs Sandhausen Karlsruher SC vs Braunschweig Sankt Pauli vs Regensburg Kaiserslautern vs Heidenheim

France - Ligue 2

Saint-Etienne vs Niort Caen vs Dijon Grenoble vs Amiens Metz vs Laval Nimes vs Annecy Pau FC vs Le Havre Rodez Aveyron vs Quevilly Rouen SC Bastia vs Sochaux Valenciennes vs Paris FC

United States - MLS

Atlanta Utd vs New York RB Cincinnati vs Inter Miami Columbus Crew vs Real Salt Lake LA Galaxy vs Seattle New England vs New York City Orlando City vs Nashville SC Philadelphia vs Sporting KC Toronto vs Charlotte Chicago Fire vs DC United Dallas vs Portland Saint Louis Cit vs Minnesota Utd Colorado Rapids vs Los Angeles FC SJ Earthquakes vs Houston Dynamo Vancouver vs CF Montreal

Russia - Premier Liga

Dinamo Moscow vs PFC Sochi Nizhny Novgorod vs Lokomotiv M. Spartak Moscow vs Akhmat Grozny Zenit vs Ural

Poland - Ekstraklasa

Korona Kielce vs Miedz Legnica Legia Warsaw vs Rakow C. Lechia Gdansk vs Slask Wroclaw

Greece - Super League

Levadiakos vs Atromitos Panaitolikos vs Lamia PAS Giannina vs OFI Crete Ionikos vs Asteras T.

Scotland - Premiership

Hibernian vs Motherwell Kilmarnock vs Hearts Rangers vs Dundee Utd St. Johnstone vs Aberdeen St. Mirren vs Livingston

Switzerland - Swiss Super League

Servette vs BSC Young Boys FC Basel vs Winterthur

Croatia - HNL

Gorica vs Dinamo Zagreb Sibenik vs Hajduk Split

Czech Republic - 1 Liga

Banik Ostrava vs Slovan Liberec Mlada Boleslav vs Viktoria Plzen Zlin vs C. Budejovice Slavia Prague vs Sigma Olomouc

Mexico - Liga MX

Pachuca vs Cruz Azul CF America vs Club Leon Monterrey vs Tijuana Atlas vs Guadalajara

Argentina - Liga Profesional

Barracas C. vs Boca Juniors San Lorenzo vs Independiente Racing Club vs Huracan Tigre vs Lanus

Saudi Arabia - Saudi Pro League

Al Hilal vs Al Khaleej

Qatar - Stars League

Al Sadd vs Al Wakrah Al Sailiya vs Al Duhail

United Arab Emirates - UAE Pro League

Al Ain vs Shabab Al Ahli Al Dhafra vs Bani Yas Al Wasl vs Al Jazira

Japan - J1 League

Albirex Niigata vs Nagoya G. Kyoto Sanga vs Vissel Kobe Yokohama FC vs Avispa Fukuoka Kashima Antlers vs S. Hiroshima Sagan Tosu vs FC Tokyo Shonan Bellmare vs Gamba Osaka Cerezo Osaka vs Yokohama M. C. Sapporo vs K. Frontale

South Korea - K League 1

Jeonbuk Motors vs Pohang Steelers Gwangju vs Suwon City Incheon Utd vs Daegu Daejeon Citizen vs Seoul

Nigeria - NPFL

Enugu Rangers vs Lobi Stars Nasarawa Utd vs El Kanemi

South Africa - Premier Division

Richards Bay vs Orlando Pirates Chippa Utd vs SuperSport Utd Kaizer Chiefs vs Stellenbosch AmaZulu vs Moroka Swallows

Australia - A League

Central Coast vs Brisbane Roar Sydney FC vs Western United Perth Glory vs Macarthur FC

International - Tennis

Elena Rybakina vs Petra Kvitova (Miami WTA - F - Hard)
submitted by letsgobetaverse to everythingbets [link] [comments]

2023.04.01 15:32 HeyTaekyo CMV: China will not invade Taiwan any time in the near future as they can find little to no economic, military, or political benefit in doing so

One of the most common pieces of rhetoric related to East Asian geopolitics that I hear online, in headlines, and in real life is the looming suspension that China will invade Taiwan at any moment. The Russian invasion of Ukraine served as excellent fuel to the fire that the new “axis of evil” was planning complete world domination via expanding its borders in a way similar to the archaic pre-ww1 era of geopolitics. It’s such a warhawkish and completely foolish way of looking at the world and I have yet to see any damning evidence of it besides some ballistic CPC official saying nonsense like a US politician would. The Chinese government is not idiotic and would not risk the entire country’s security and stability over the island.
I am ready to change my mind on anything here provided you give reliable, credible sources and not emotional rhetoric.

Despite their relationship on paper, China and Taiwan are close economic partners of one another and in 2022 Taiwan ranked 4th among China’s trading partners by volume, not including the EU and ASEAN, to the point where it currently has a trade deficit with them. When looking at China as a trading partner of Taiwan, the PRC currently makes up over 25% percent of all its international trade. They are closely linked economically and both would suffer severely(admittedly Taiwan much more) if war ever began between the two.
Furthermore, the Chinese government is not full of warhawk fools. I will concede that they’re prone to flexing their muscles by repetitively forcing its neighbours to scramble fighters and that there are certainly vocal members who make grand proclamations and threats, but this is far from indicative of a militaristic expansionist policy. They have likely always been well aware, much more now because of the Russian-Ukraine War, that a violation of the de-facto sovereignty of Taiwan would mean worldwide economic isolation and a subsequent rollback on the progress the economy has made since Deng Xiaoping. China’s largest trading partners besides ASEAN and Taiwan are the EU, South Korea, Japan, and the US all of which would close their doors to China if it acted against Taiwan. Furthermore, China would have hell on their hands trying to un-entrench all of the Japanese/American dominated business partnerships which exist in the country's various industries. The only potential material objective of a war, hegemony over chipmaking, could easily be sabotaged and denied outright.
The Chinese government, while one party and authoritarian, does possess a degree of popular sovereignty. The people see economic progress as a source of immense national pride and they continue to support the government because they've made that happen. They contributed to the end of Gang of Four through mass protests against the wretched Cultural Evolution in 1976. Furthermore there are elections and “parties'' within the CPC, at a local level, who then proceed up the ladder of civil servitude through the modernised examination system similar to the imperial keju. This is still nothing close to a liberal democracy, but the people do have a degree of control over the power of their government. If the Chinese economy collapses and Chinese die fighting Chinese in Taiwan, it will no doubt pose a greater threat to the power of the CPC than any foreign actor could.
TL;DR: China is economically intertwined with Taiwan and the “Western” bloc and would suffer immensely if they invaded Taiwan, leading to potential regime change by its own people.

In the improbable scenario that China miraculously takes Taiwan without much struggle, what happens next? (besides endless sanctions and diplomatic isolation, of course). China now directly faces a Pacific completely dominated by the United States and to a lesser extent EU states and Japan. This would not only give the US an excuse to greatly expand its military expenditure and presence in the pacific, but also be a shock that could pave the way for the increasing nationalist militarisation of Japan that has been occurring in the last two decades. Both of these things would negate any real gains China would see by controlling the island.
A common misconception that I see is that China remains entrenched in the ill-trained, ill-armed “human wave” tactics of the Korean war. China’s military has advanced exponentially and is now a modern, specialised fighting force capable of limited global power projection. That being said, their navy is nowhere close to being able to challenge the US on open waters. You can point to China’s silent economic battle in the pacific island nations as an attempt to expand, but these nations are still de-facto US satellites and there is no amount of money you could pay to them to attempt to challenge that by authorising a Chinese navy base of some kind. Taiwan would be a deadend for the Chinese military and would serve little to no purpose for power projection.
In a realistic scenario, an amphibious invasion of Taiwan would likely see a similar situation to Ukraine, where western bloc economies funnel money and eventually weapons to the country. It’s not as if the PLA can cross a border and start fighting, they have 180km of strait to move across before they can even begin the fighting man-to-man. Furthermore, Taiwan is a strategic location for the US and it would seek to gain much more by pumping as much into the fight as its able to and the mobilisation of the Chinese Military could act as a causa-belli for the US to become directly involved. Even if somehow they didn’t, Taiwan’s military is not made of paper even if it isn’t fantastic and China would require nothing less than a complete and total, non-pyrrhic victory. The island could be eventually pacified but at the cost of potential millions of lives over years.
TL;DR: Even if China somehow invades Taiwan without struggle, it will come face to face with the US, Japan, and potentially more. It has no military incentive to have one less buffer state between it and its “enemies.” Outside of that scenario, an amphibious invasion of a highly developed and militarised country would not be easy.

Despite the antagonistic face both states put on towards one another on a higher level, Chinese and Taiwanese do not simply see the other as a demonised enemy. For instance, China and Taiwan enjoyed extensive tourism from one another before COVID. What could justify the slaughter of the Chinese inhabitants of Taiwan in the event of an invasion, the brothers and sisters that they love to hate?
In addition to the domestic situation on the Mainland, an evitable partisan insurgency, whether astroturfed or organic, would be a multi-million strong ulcer sticking directly in the face of Japan and the US Pacific who’d probably love to add fuel to the fire given that the population of Taiwan already loves the both of them. Furthermore, Chinese failure to maintain control and a subsequent retreat would give an excuse for the US and Japan to move militarily into the region and give an empirical, legal backing for de-jure Taiwanese independence in the eyes of the world.
China has sought the avenue of soft-power and purely economic deals as a means to expand its influence and has done so successfully. This can be seen especially by the recent signing of the Chinese-facilitated Saudi-Iran agreement to restore diplomatic relations, which has major implications for the geopolitical landscape of a Middle East traditionally dominated by the hard power of the US. military and economy. A sudden military campaign would undermine any facade that China is a peaceful nation seeking neutrality and destroy decades of work on the international stage.
In addition to all of this, putting away all the emotionally charged rhetoric about democracy vs. authoritarianism, Taiwan’s current place in the global order is a bargaining chip between the US. and China. Both sides can use the island’s de-jure political status as a means to intimidate, provoke, or bargain on all kinds of matters. For instance, the US could basically give China a greenlight to begin a forceful integration into the country via a Two Systems One China policy in exchange for the forgiveness of X% of US debt or China could de-jure recognise of Taiwanese sovereignty in exchange for extensive trade expansion in favour of Chinese interests. Why would China or the US just throw a powerful card like this away?
TL;DR: China only gains the rise of domestic unrest, the loss of a major bargaining chip, the end of neutrality, and over 20 million potential insurgents in a province separated by 180 km of water.

Some common rebuttals I see related to a Chinese invasion of Taiwan.
Fair point, but this is not a pretext to an invasion or signs that it plans to act militarily against the island. It’s more like a dude puffing up his chest and pressing someone to look tough and intimidating than an actual threat, it’s a mind game of intimidation and message sending. If a US diplomat visited Taiwan and China instead did nothing, what would that say about China’s strength, is it shrinking back from the US and Taiwanese claims? The country has to remain neutral but also show its not afraid of showing force.
Due to the international grey area Taiwan sits in, the US cannot go in and just start setting up military bases or move mass amounts of military into their waters as it would be an indirect affront to China. Taiwan has no formal military contracts with any nation. It cannot be a true US strategic ally for this reason, so would require a green light from China or a war for the US to make a proclamation one way or another. The US is also not above trading democracy for other motives and has promoted much worse throughout its recent history, this would not be a surprising move.
This is true, but remember who controls virtually all the seas and air east of Taiwan. If you and I can understand that, a government of 1.4 billion probably can too. China would risk all out war and further isolation if it struck civilian shipping vessels, invoking “Remember the Lusitania!” 100 years later.
As previous stated, Taiwan is an international grey area. They are de-facto independent but not in the eyes of the UN or any international organisation of any weight. You can’t start attempting to enlarge something like an unofficial Pacific Alliance Treaty Organisation without seriously stoking fires and causing an international crisis. Due to the economic relationship between the US, China, and other regional pacific powers, I don’t think there's much of a reason to antagonise China by an attempted encroachment through Taiwan.
Yes the Chinese government loves their nationalist righteous propaganda and could paint Taiwan as a country “occupied by vile capitalists exploiting the Chinese,” but it's not 1960-70s anymore. The whole righteous fight idea is over, and China is settling into becoming a first-world nation in major cities such as Beijing. People want China to fight for progress economically and developmentally, it's now a social market economy and those in cities live with the luxuries of capitalist life; Mao’s red banner fell with Deng Xiaoping. I would like to assume China is far above invading another country in the name of drumming up public morale, it did not work for Argentina in 1982 nor for King Charles X in 1830, it would be foolish to try again.
True, but the dynamics of China and Taiwan are completely different than Russia and the Ukraine. Russia was/is a fading star on a world stage and had been in decline for decades prior to the war. A west-leaning Ukraine has always presented a direct threat to Russia which is why it did all it could to neuter the Ukraine’s power and diminish influence from western powers. I don’t excuse Russia’s invasion as justified by any means but I do think it’s not a good idea to entirely rule out the idea of feeling “encircled” by anti-Russian governments. Moscow is basically a straight 800 km march from Kiev through open plains.
Contrast this to China, a country on the rise and a global cornerstone with much more to lose than Russia. Taiwan is also much more economically integrated with its neighbours and the world than the Ukraine was. Ukraine barely made up 2% of Russia's total imports and did not serve as a pillar in several industries before the war. When the Ukraine was invaded, all western consumers felt was a minor price hike on wheat but if Taiwan was invaded, they'd feel it in any sector that requires chip manufacturing. A completely hostile Taiwan can also not pose the same threat to China as the Ukraine did to Russia, largely due to the 180km strait seperating the two.
Also, China generally avoids using its military anywhere but its own borders unless it’s being an asshole on international waters. Russia’s policy, on the other hand, has been much more direct and heavy-handed post-USSR as can be seen in Syria, Libya, Georgia, CAR, the Ukraine in 2014, etc etc. If China suddenly was poised to invade the Kinmen and Matsu islands or borderlands of Central Asia I’d start sounding expansionist alarms, but this has not ever been the case despite the ease with which it would have probably been done.
Sources: (more can be provided upon request)
Trade by country in 2018 (PRC)
Tourists by country to PRC (2018)
Tourists by country to Taiwan (2018)
p. 51 for information on the capabilities of the Chinese navy and power projection (2022)
Ex. Japanese-Taiwanese relations
Taiwanese outlook on Japan, (survey is small)
Brief thread on the Taiwanese military\_the\_myth\_of\_taiwan\_military\_competency/
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2023.04.01 02:52 Cosmicspider87 Trumps Buddies from Epsteins Black Book

As always I am sure there is more. The connections are like shooting the Elites like fish in a bucket.

Trump Connections coincidences from Epsteins Black book into future

  1. Nick Adams
  2. Conrad & Barbara Black: Conrad Black was a newspaper publisher. He controlled Hollinger International, which published the Chicago Sun-Times, The Daily Telegraph, most Australian newspapers, The Jerusalem Post (Israel), and The National Post (Canada). Conrad was recently pardoned by his friend, Donald Trump, after serving time for fraud. Black was once a Steering Committee member of The Bilderberg Group. Barbara Black is a journalist. She is Conrad’s 2nd wife.
  3. Fisher, Dan: Given the address listed (Trump Tower), it is possible that this is a former lobbyist ( and current Special Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Visitors Office,
  4. Gross, Pamela & Jimmy Finkelstein: James Finkelstein is the owner of The Hill, an American news website often cited here in conspiracy**. He is close with Donald Trump and Rudy Giuliani. Pamela Gross is his wife. She worked at CNN until 2017 and is close friends with Melania Trump.**
  5. Gubelmann, Marjorie: A socialite who is best known for hosting and performing as a DJ at high society parties. She has deejayed events for Bulgari, Versace, and others. She is currently the in-studio DJ for the Today with Hoda & Jenny show on NBC. Her ex-husband, Reza Raein works in oil. Guests at their wedding included Ivanka Trump, Tamara Mellon, Michael Kors, and Tory Burch.
  6. Harvey Victoria: Ex-girlfriend of Prince Andrew, Hervey is an English model and socialite. Although her relationship with Andrew didn’t work out, she remained in his inner circle. In 2000, she attended a dinner with Prince Andrew, Bill Clinton, Donald Trump, and Jeffrey Epstein (source: Hervey is also a friend of Ghislaine Maxwell, who introduced her to Epstein and “set her up in one of Epstein’s apartments in New York.” Hervey is the daughter of Victor Hervey, 6th Marquess of Bristol, businessman and member of the House of Lords.
  7. Hissom, Robert & Andrea: Robert is the founder of Aspen Capital Partners, a large property management firm. He is a friend of Prince Charles. His ex-wife, Andrea, famously got remarried to Steve Wynn, billionaire Las Vegas hotel tycoon. Prince Harry was a guest of Wynn’s at his Encore resort. Andrea and Wynn are close friends of Donald and Melania Trump (source:
  8. Jones, Ann & Mick: Mick is the guitarist of Foreigner, an immensely popular rock band in the ‘70s and ‘80s. His wife, Ann, is a jewelry designer, and friend of Ghislaine. Ann Jones was photographed at a party with Ghislaine and Donald Trump in 1997 (source:
  9. Kersner, Sol: South African accountant and hotel and casino magnate who died of cancer in 2020. Kerzner was a close friend of Donald Trump. They even worked together to create The Palm, a man-made island off the coast of Dubai (source: Kerzner was also close friends with Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York (, Naomi Campbell (, and Bill Clinton ( Kerzner was very good friends with Nelson Mandela and built his casino resorts with Gerard Inzerillo
  10. Lindeman-Barnet, Sloan & Roger: Sloan has been a New York Times bestseller and an on-air and print reporter for NBC, ABC, and Reuters. Sloan and Roger also sit on the board of the Spence School in New York City, a private K-12 all-girls school ( Her husband, Roger, is the founder of and Chairman and CEO of Shaklee, a highly successful nutrition company. Donald Trump, Melania Trump, and Ghislaine Maxwell all attended the publication party for Sloan’s book in 2008 ( guests included Steve Mnuchin, Epstein and Maxwell chum Carol Mack, and a bunch of others also featured in Epstein’s ‘Black Book’ (Colin Cowie, Anton and Robin Katz, and Vittorio Assaf).
  11. Mappin, John: Scientologist owner of Camelot Castle and is a “central figure behind Turning Point UK, the British arm of the pro-Trump American student organization” (
  12. Pashcow, Joel: Real estate magnate. He is a past trustee of the Children’s Medical Center at Long Island Jewish Hospital and trustee at ACLD, a charity for developmentally disabled children and adults. He is also on the Board of Directors of the Palm Beach police and fire foundation ( Pashcow has flown on Epstein’s jets ( and has been to pedo island. In fact, Pashcow appears 8 times(!!) on one this released flight log, including once with his wife ( Epstein has 19 entries for Pashcow in his ‘black book’. Here is Pashcow at the Policeman’s Ball, which Trump frequently hosts at Mar-A-Lago ( Pashcow is a ‘Crystal Sponsor’ of the Palm Beach Police Foundation alongside Donald Trump (
  13. Patricof, Alan & Susan: Alan is an investor, venture capitalist, and private equity magnate. Patricof served as the national finance chairman for Hillary Clinton’s 2008 campaign ( From 1990-2016, the Patricofs donated $1,152,637 to Hillary’s campaigns ( Alan is also a trusted friend of Jared Kushner, Donald Trump’s son-in-law ( Susan is his 2nd wife. Her brother, Craig Hatkoff, appears in Epstein’s contacts under ‘H’. Alan and Susan’s son, Jonathan, is President of Tribeca Enterprises, the company that owns and operates the Tribeca Film Festival. Their other son, Jamie, is a TV and movie producer. His wife, Kelly Sawyer Patricof, is the co-founder of Baby2Baby (, a children’s charity that helps children (0-12) living in poverty.
  14. Perelman, Ronald: Billionaire investor. Perelman hosted a dinner party with Epstein, Bill Clinton, Don Fowler, Don Johnson, and Jimmy Buffett all the way back in 1995, when Clinton was still president ( Perelman is also a good friend of Donald Trump and has given hundreds of thousands of dollars to his campaign. Lives about a half mile away from Epstein’s NYC mansion.
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2023.04.01 00:57 Cosmicspider87 Business/Billionaires/Entrepreneur Associates of Jeffrey Epstein (The Other 113)

  1. Fakhre, Danny & Christine: Danny Fakhre is the Chairman of Kochii Oil out of Australia. Christiane is his wife.
  2. Falletans, Olivier de: Managing partner at Bryan, Olivier, & Co., a mid-market investment bank in Technology. Olivier comes from a family of nobility dating back to at least the 13th century.
  3. Fanjul, Pepe: Jose “Pepe” Fanjul is a billionaire businessman involved in sugar and real estate. Vice Chairman and President of Flo-Sun. “Pepe” is a Republican. He was one of the largest contributors to George W. Bush’s campaign, is an ardent supporter of Marco Rubio, and co-hosted a large fundraiser for Donald Trump. His older brother, Alfonso Fanjul Jr., is a Democrat and was a co-chair of Bill Clinton’s Florida campaign,
  4. Faulkner, Terence & Cornelia: Terence Faulkner is Chairman of Leathams PLC, a London-based food distributor. Cornelia is Terence’s wife. She is Director of Leathams and a specialist decorator.
  5. Felix, Helena: Not much to be found on Helena. She was possibly the director of an investment firm called Edenhaven Limited. Her husband, Peter, was an oral surgeon. He passed away in 2011.
  6. Ferragamo, Leonardo & Beatrice: Leonardo is the son of Salvatore Ferragamo, the creator of Salvatore Ferragamo, S.p.A., an Italian luxury goods company specializing in shoes, leather goods, and watches.
  7. Flick Mook: Likely Friedrich Christian Flick, known as Mick Flick. The Flick family was a billionaire coal and steel conglomerate that was accused of war crimes during the Holocaust. Flick’s grandfather financially supported the Nazi Party and used 48,000 forced laborers from the concentration camps, many of whom died due to the conditions. Grandfather Flick was found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg and served 3 years of his 7-year sentence. Mick (Mook) sold most of his holdings in the ‘80s and retired a billionaire.
  8. Forbes, Chris (Kip) Astrid: Son of Malcolm Forbes (1919-1990), the former politician and sole owner of Forbes Magazine. Chris Forbes is Vice Chairman of Forbes Publishing Company and brother of former Republican Party primary candidate, Steve Forbes. His wife, Astrid (nee von Heyl), is a German baroness and a descendant of the House of Bismarck, a German noble family.
  9. Forte, Rocco & Aliai: Rocco Forte owns the Rocco Forte Hotels group. They own fourteen upscale hotels throughout Europe and employee 2500 people. His wife, Aliai, is in fashion design.
  10. Fraiser, Violet: Likely refers to Violet Fraser, a Communications and Marketing Manager that works with Moussaieff Jewellers through World Media Group. She has also worked for Dior and Bulgari.
  11. Fraysse, Isabel: Isabelle Fraysse is a former Style Editor for Vogue. Founder of ISI Style Consulting.
  12. Freud, Mathew: Matthew Freud is the head of Freud Communications, an international public relations firm. Matthew is also the great-grandson of Sigmund Freud. Freud’s first wife, Caroline Hutton, went on to marry the 9th Earl of Spencer (Princess Diana’s brother). Elisabeth Murdoch, his 2nd wife (now divorced), is the daughter of Rupert Murdoch.
  13. Fry, Cosmo & Amanda: Cosmo is a chocolate heir and the son of well-known inventor Jeremy Fry. Jeremy had royal connections and was slated to be the best man at the wedding of Princess Margaret, Queen Elizabeth II’s younger sister, but was replaced after it had been found out that he approached a man for sex. Cosmo’s owns a company that specializes in making plate racks and bookshelves. Amanda eventually went on to marry rocker Daryl Hall of Hall & Oates fame in 2009 after her divorce from Cosmo.
  14. Furstenberg, Alex, Alexandra V.: Alexander is an American businessman and the son of the famous fashion designer Diane von Furstenberg. He remains a partner in his mother’s company. Alexandra is a furniture designer and Alex’s ex-wife. They divorced in 2002 but have 2 children together.
  15. Ganoza, Esteban Juan: A Peruvian businessman who said he met Maxwell in the 1980s when he lived in New York, but denied any ties to pedophilia when his contact information was revealed to be in Epstein’s ‘Black Book.’
  16. Garland, Michael: Likely the Chairman of investment firm C5 Capital, located in London
  17. Giussani, Luca: President, CEO of Dorial Telecom, Inc., a telecommunications company.
  18. Goldsmith, Isabel: An art collector and owner of Hotel Las Alamandas in Mexico. Goldsmith is the daughter of Sir James Goldsmith, a French-British financier, tycoon, and member of the European Parliament.
  19. Gomme, William & Emma: William Gomme is a former director of several furniture manufacturing companies in London. Emma is his wife.
  20. Gordon, Jacobo: Spanish businessman who co-founded several real estate and gaming companies with Alejandro Agag. Agag is a former politician in Spain. He became Secretary General of the European People’s Party (EPP), a tremendous political faction in Europe. Agag played a huge role in getting former Italy PM Silvio Berlusconi’s party into the EPP. Berlusconi has been charged for underage prostitution in the past. Agag quit politics to pursue financial and sporting interests. He is married to the daughter of Jose Maria Aznar, the former PM of Spain and Ana Botella Serrano, the first female mayor of Madrid. Guests at Agag’s wedding included kings and queens. Berlusconi and Tony Blair served as witnesses.
  21. Geary, Tim: Served in public relations and was Director of Membership at Soho House, a restaurant and private members club.
  22. Gelardin, Jack (jacque)Jacques P. Gelardin currently Founding Partner of J P Gelardin & Co, LLC , Lehman Brothers Inc, Member of the Management Committee,Chairman & CEO, Lehman Brothers International.
  23. Gertler, Eric: A venture capitalist who served as Chairman of U.S. News & World Report, a media company most known for publishing news, consumer advice, and rankings ranging from education (top universities, high schools, etc.) to job professions, healthcare, and too many others to mention. In 2019, Governor Andrew Cuomo nominated Gertler to serve as President and CEO of Empire State Development, New York’s chief economic agency. In Epstein’s ‘Black Book,’ Privista is listed under Gertler’s name. Privista is a company that protects against identity theft. Gertler was President and CEO.
  24. Getty, Mark: Co-founder and Chairman of Getty Images, a photographic conglomerate. If you have ever surfed the Internet, you have seen several pictures/images belonging to Getty Images. From 2008-2016, Getty was the Chairman of the Trustees of the National Gallery in London. Grandson of Jean Paul Getty Sr., founder of Getty Oil Company, and one of the richest men in the world during his time. The Getty Family has a net worth north of $5 billion as of 2015.
  25. Getty, Pia and Chris: Pia Getty is the daughter of billionaire Robert Warren Miller, an American-born British businessman and founder of Duty Free Shops. Pia’s sisters are Princess Alexandra von Furstenberg of designer fame and Maria-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece, Princess of Denmark. Her ex-husband (1992-2005), Christopher, is Mark Getty’s first cousin. Christopher is also the grandson of Jean Paul Getty Sr. When they were married, Pia and Mark would hold A-list parties on the rooftop of their Manhattan townhouse. Their townhouse was located half a mile from Jeffrey Epstein’s mansion. Many people think that the Getty Museum in Los Angeles houses an underground base and city for the elites.
  26. Goulandris, Dimitri: Founder of The Cycladic Group, which invests and creates businesses. Spent 8 years at Morgan Stanley in its private equity group. Goulandris is the Executive Director and a Board Member for Knightsbridge Schools, which has 3 schools (KSI Montenegro [a boarding school], KSI Bogota, and KSI Panama), all of which are primary/secondary schools for students aged 2-18.
  27. Grabau, Lorenzo: Spent seventeen years at Goldman Sachs before becoming CEO of Investment AB Kinnevik, a Swedish investment firm. He was fired less than 3 years after taking the position.
  28. Graff, Francois: CEO of family-owned Graff, one of the world’s most notable jewellery houses. The company is worth several billion dollars. Graff has been photographed with the likes of Wilbur Ross. In 2001, there was a party celebrating the opening of a new Graff’s store. Attendees included Ghislaine Maxwell, Ivana Trump, Joan Collins, and Denise Rich (source:
  29. Grant Jamie: Likely James Grant, owner of No2 Pound Street, an award-winning wine shop that specializes in British Cheese and cured meats. He and his wife previously worked at some leading hotels and restaurants.
  30. Green, Jeremy: Likely the former Chief Executive of Quba Property Holdings in South Africa.
  31. Guccioni, Tony: Son of Penthouse creator Bob Guccione.
  32. Guest, Cornelia: Named Debutante of the Decade of the 1980s, Cornelia is a well-known New York socialite who comes from money. Her family made money in iron and steel and have served in British politics. In December 2015, Ghislaine Maxwell attended Cornelia’s holiday party.
  33. Guggenheim, Barbara & Bert Flelds: Guggenheim (not part of the Guggenheim museum family) is a partner at the well-known art advisory firm, Guggenheim, Asher Associates, Inc. They have built collections for Coca Cola and Sony, as well as Tom Cruise and alleged pedophile Steven Spielberg. Epstein victim Maria Farmer once worked for Barbara at her home before meeting Epstein. Farmer got the job through Barbara’s sister, Eileen, who has been accused of being an Epstein enabler. A petition ( to have her removed as Chair of the Board of Trustees of the New York Academy of Art as a result of Maria Farmer’s allegations has over 10,000 signatures. Farmer says that Eileen Guggenheim forced her to sell a painting replicating Degas’s “The Rape” to Epstein. Two weeks after meeting Epstein and Maxwell, Guggenheim took Farmer and other art students to Epstein’s Zorro Ranch in New Mexico (source: Barbara’s husband, Bert Fields, is an entertainment lawyer who has represented the likes of Steven Spielberg, Bob and Harvey Weinstein, George Lucas, Michael Jackson, The Beatles, etc.
  34. Halpern Jen: A British philanthropist, PR guru, and businesswoman. Her father was knighted by Margaret Thatcher.
  35. Hammond, Dana: Socialite and heiress to the Annenberg Publishing fortune. Hammond is friends with Ghislaine Maxwell. They have been photographed together at various parties.
  36. Hayworth Reggie: Heyworth runs the 160 acre Cotswold Wildlife Park, which attracts more than 400,000 people a year. He lives in the middle of the park at the Bradwell Grove estate. .
  37. Hefner III, Bob: Founder and CEO of GHK Companies, which specializes in oil and natural gas. Founded the Robert and MeiLi Hefner Foundation which sponsors educational trips to China for outstanding high school students. His grandfather, Robert Hefner Sr., served as Mayor of Oklahoma City, was a Supreme Court Justice of Oklahoma, was a member of the executive council of the Boy Scouts of America, and was a thirty-second degree Freemason. This article makes a connection between Jeffrey Epstein, Bob Hefner III, and a winning Powerball lottery ticket that was purchased in Oklahoma in 2008 (source:
  38. Heineken, Mr. Fredie: A Dutch businessman for the Heineken brewing company. Was chairman and CEO from 1971-1989.
  39. Helen and Tim Shifter: Helen is a former Vogue Magazine staffer. Tim is former CEO of LeSportsac and serves as Senior Advisor at Blackstone Group, a private equity firm. The Schifters are personal friends of Ghislaine Maxwel
  40. Hersov, Robert & Kim: Robert is a South African entrepreneur and mining heir who has worked for Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, and News Corp. (owned by Murdoch).. Ex-wife Kim is a London-based fashion editor and designer.
  41. Heseltine, Rupert: Businessman and heir to Haymarket Media Group. Son of Baron Michael Heseltine.
  42. Jameel, Mohammed: Saudi Arabian businessman. CEO of Abdul Latif Jameel, a collective of family-owned businesses that specialize in transportation, investing, and real estate. Royal pervert Prince Andrew infamously partied on Jameel’s yacht during the 2011 London riots (source:
  43. James, Susie: Founder and owner of 123 Send Ltd, a company that provides payment terminals.
  44. Katz, Anton & Robin Plant: Anton is CEO and co-founder of Talos Trading, which specializes in cryptocurrency. Anton and Robin are friends of and have been photographed with Ghislaine (source:
  45. Kegan, Rory: A nightclub designer and creator. Co-founder of the exclusive, celebrity-filled London nightclub, Chinawhite. Prince Andrew (source: and Prince Albert of Monaco are regulars. Chelsea Clinton has been there, as well (source: Other patrons include: Prince Andrew, Kate Middleton, George Clooney, Leonardo DiCaprio, and more.
  46. Keidan, Amanda: Owner of Keidan Jewelry.
  47. Kersner, Sol: South African accountant and hotel and casino magnate who died of cancer in 2020. Kerzner was a close friend of Donald Trump. They even worked together to create The Palm, a man-made island off the coast of Dubai (source: Kerzner was also close friends with Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York (, Naomi Campbell (, and Bill Clinton( Kerzner was very good friends with Nelson Mandela and built his casino resorts with Gerard Inzerillo
  48. Khayat, Antoine, Jana, & George: Jana is an heiress and businesswoman. Jana is the niece of Galen Weston, a close friend of Prince Charles. George is her brother and CEO of Associated British Foods. Jana’s husband, Antoine, is a former banker and currently runs their vineyard.
  49. Klesch, Johnathan: Former Director of Klesch Trading, which specializes in industrial commodities. It has offices in Russia, Malta, Surrey, and in London, down the block from Buckingham Palace.
  50. Koch, David: Co-founder of Koch Industries, a diversified manufacturing conglomerate. Koch Industries has stolen oil from Indian reservations, committed hundreds of polluting, labor, and workplace safety violations. When he ran on the Libertarian ticket as the vice presidential nominee in 1980, Koch aimed to abolish Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, welfare benefits, and minimum wage. Koch and Epstein were friends. Epstein even attended a party at Koch’s Southampton home ( Koch has also been photographed with Ghislaine Maxwell (
  51. Kohl, Astrid: A businesswoman involved in pharmaceuticals. Married to Prince Alexander of Liechtenstein. Daughter-in-law of Prince Philipp of Liechtenstein. Niece of former German Chancellor, Helmut Kohl.
  52. Kotic, Boby: CEO of Activision Blizzard, a video game holding company. Used to run several electronic companies. From 2003-2008, he was a director at Yahoo! In 2012, he became a non-executive director of Coca-Cola.
  53. Lal, Dalamal: Director of Akron Corp. & Akron (Nig.) Ltd., a food and beverage import company based out of Nigeria.
  54. Laurie, Jonathan: Founder and CEO of Cheyne Capital Management, an alternate investment fund firm.
  55. Lavlada, Laura D.B. de: Laura Diez Barroso is a Mexican businesswoman. She sold her stock in Televisa for $726 million in 1993. Since then, she has been the head of several other companies.
  56. Le Fur, Jean-Yves: French businessman and magazine creator. He was once Princess Stephanie of Monaco’s ex-fiance. More notably, Le Fur was the one who discovered supermodel Karen Mulder (his girlfriend at the time) on the floor after she attempted suciide. Mulder blew the lid off the rampant rape and sexual abuse that she and her modeling colleagues had suffered at the hands of businessmen, royalty, celebrities, and government officials. She was even the protege of Epstein collaborator (allegedly), Jean Luc Brunel (
  57. Lea, Piers: CEO of Learning Technologies Group, a workplace digital learning company.
  58. Lester, Dominick: Founder and owner of MortgageFlex Systems, a mortgage lending company.
  59. Lindemann, Adam & Elizabeth: Adam is a billionaire investor and art gallery owner. Brother of Sloan. Elizabeth is his ex-wife. She is often photographed with many other people mentioned in Epstein’s ‘Black Book.’
  60. Lindemann, George(Sr.) & Freida: Now-deceased billionaire father of Sloan and Adam. George was the CEO and Chairman of Southern Union, a pipeline company and served as Vice President of the Metropolitan Opera Association of NYC. His wife, Frayda, is the President and CEO of the Metropolitan Opera.
  61. Lister, Paul: Likely the director of legal services and company secretary for Associated British Foods
  62. Lorimer, John & Lottie: John works as a private investor and as a realtor. His wife, Lottie, is an interior designer.
  63. Macmillan, Dave & Bella: David is a publisher and the grandson of Harold Macmillan, former British Prime Minister (1957-1963). Bella is a British socialite and author. She also designed dresses for Princess Diana. They are now divorced. David and Bella made news in 2015 when it was revealed that Michael Lynton, the CEO of Sony Pictures, jokingly mentioned firing the UK culture minister so that David can take over ( David and Bella were voted a top 50 power couple over the age 50 back in 2013.
  64. Mahler, Giovanni: Businessman in the gas industry. He co-founded Navigator Gas shipping company. The most interesting story revolving around Mahler can be read here ( Mahler was on a motorboat on the way to his yacht in Sardinia where close friend Flavio Briatore (Briatore is Naomi Campbell’s ex-boyfriend and was photographed with Epstein victim Virginia Roberts several times - waited. On the way to the yacht, Mahler and the others on board struck and killed Alex Ciardi, wife of investment banker Giuseppe Ciardi. Turns out that Alex Ciardi worked with the NSPCC, a children’s charity that several others in Epstein’s ‘black book’ (Jemma Kidd, Tim Jeffries, Mary Glanville, Clare Hazell-Ivaegh, Ben Holland-Martin) and Princess Margaret have served. The accident occurred close to Silvio Berlusconi’s villa. Berlusconi is a billionaire businessman and four-time former Prime Minister of Italy who throws infamously raunchy Bunga Bunga parties. He was convicted of paying an underage prostitute for sex, but those charges were later overturned.
  65. Malenga (Mandela) Machel: A managing director at Whatana Investments Group in Mozambique. His father, Samora Machel, was the first president of Mozambique. He died in an airplane crash in 1986 under mysterious circumstances. His mother, Graca Machel, runs the company. After her husband Samora died, she married Nelson Mandela, who died in 2013.
  66. Malina, Marjorie: Wife of Frank Malina who co-founded Aerojet, an American rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer. Frank went on to become head of scientific research at UNESCO before creating Leonardo**, a peer-reviewed research journal. Frank was inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1990. Marjorie is the mother of Ghislaine’s brother-in-law, Roger Malina.*\*
  67. Malkin, Shelly & Tony: Shelly comes from major oil money. Her grandfather founded Belco Petroleum, which was bought out by Enron in the ‘80s. Tony is the chairman, president, and CEO of Empire State Realty Trust, the real estate investment company that owns the Empire State Building, and other properties around New York.
  68. Manconi, John: Businessman who hosts super exclusive charity polo events attended by Prince Charles, Harry, and Andrew (
  69. Manzano, Jose Luis & Alejandra: Jose Luis is an Argentine businessman and former politician. He is a partner in Grupo America, the second largest multimedia group in the country. He has given money to the Clinton Foundation and The Climate Reality Project ran by Al Gore.
  70. Marks, Stephen & Alisa: Stephen is the founder and chairman of French Connection clothing brand. Alisa is his gold digging ex-wife.
  71. Marsh, Jeremy: Has served as a managing director and president of Warner Bros. Records, Virgin, Telstar, and RCA.
  72. Massimo, Parisi: Founder of Baltic Model Management.
  73. Mattsson, Carolina: Owns a consulting company in Sweden.
  74. Mavroleon, Basil & Carina: Basil is still involved in shipping, working at Genco as an Independent Director.
  75. Mavroleon, Manoli: From the same Greek shipping magnate family. His name was listed in the Panama Papers ( for using offshore tax havens.
  76. Mavroleon, Nicholas & Barbara: Nicholas works in the family business. His ex-wife, Barbara Carrera, is a model and actress.
  77. Mayhew, Mr John: Owner of the famous Rules restaurant in Covent Garden. Inherited the Lartington Estate.
  78. McDonald, John: NYC-based restaurateur.
  79. Mcleod Jock & Pru: Alasdair ‘Jock’ MacLeod is a long-time executive at Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation. His wife, Prudence, is Rupert Murdoch’s daughter. Coincidentally, Prudence attended The Dalton School while Epstein taught there in the ‘70s ( Rupert Murdoch is listed later on in Epstein’s contacts. Murdoch also goes back a long way with Ghislaine. Murdoch and Ghislaine’s father, Robert, were rivals since they both owned competing newspapers in the U.S. and abroad (
  80. Merison, Guy & Caroline: Guy is co-founder of Hartees, a commodities firm specializing in energy.
  81. Merivale-Austen, Bruce: Managing Partner of DM Partners Asia, a private wealth management firm. Plays polo every summer with Prince William and Prince Harry (
  82. Mermagon, Mr Jonathan: Businessman and close friend of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, whose name keeps popping up. Memagden even served as Chairman of the UK PTI Secretariat (,c9336910). PTI is the current ruling political party in Pakistan.
  83. Minot, Carie & Bell, George: Caroline is a jewelry designer. George has been responsible for several Silicon Valley startup companies. Before that, he was a senior editor of Outdoor Life magazine and has won Emmys for directing and writing conservation documentaries. He also founded Outdoor Life Network (now NBC Sports).
  84. Montemayor, Cesar: Founder and President of InverCap, a large investment firm
  85. Monti Riccardo: Managing Director and Senior Partner at BCG (Milan), one of the largest management consulting firms in the world.
  86. Morton, Peter: Co-founder of the Hard Rock Cafe.
  87. Murray, Jean Pierre: Founder of Surf Channel and co-founder of TransCash, a prepaid Visa debit card firm.
  88. Nadler, Emanuel: Businessman involved in mortgage companies.
  89. Nagel, Adam: Works at W Nagel, broker and advisor to premier diamond manufacturers, such as De Beers.
  90. Nagel, William: Chairman of W Nagel. Diamond merchant.
  91. Newman, Mr & Mrs John: John is Hetty’s father. He achieved the rank of Lieutenant in the Royal Horse Guards. He later became a businessman and was director of several companies.
  92. Niarchos, Constantine: Billionaire son of shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos. Was once married to Alessandra Borghese of Italian papal lineage (and black nobility). He was also romantically linked to Koo Stark, Trinny Woodhall, and Kerry Kennedy (daughter of Bobby Kennedy), all of whom are in Epstein’s ‘black book’. Constantine died of an overdose with enough cocaine in his system to kill 25 men (
  93. Noel, Vanessa: Luxury shoe designer, hotelier, and gallery owner. Many celebrities are clients of hers.
  94. Ojora, Yinka: CEO and/or Director of a number of investing groups in Nigeria
  95. Ong BS & Chritina: Christina is a Singaporean hoteliebusinesswoman who is heavily involved with Club 21 (a luxury fashion brand) and COMO Hotels and Resorts. She runs all of the Armani outlets in Britain, as well as the franchises for Donna Karan, Prada, and Bvlgari. Christina and her husband, Beng Seng, are worth $1.9 billion.
  96. Ong, Melissa: Christina and BS’s daughter
  97. Orlando, Fabrice: CEO of Cocoon Events Management Group, a luxury event planning company based out of Morocco.
  98. Osbourne Rachel: British businesswoman who has served as director for several companies. Otto, Beo & Edwige Edwige manages 2 companies (2 mandates), his main mandate is Administrator within the company 18 MONTAIGNE . Edwige OTTO works in the Real Estate business sector. Julian PORTHAULT is part of Edwige OTTO's network, he is Chairman and CEO of 18 MONTAIGNE .
  99. Parker, Jackie: Management consultant who sits on the board of several companies. Also the head of global philanthropy for General Motors.
  100. Paulson, John: Billionaire hedge fund manager
  101. Pedrini Tito: Jeweller
  102. Pekeler, Marcus: Communications consultant in Switzerland.
  103. Picciotto, Michael: Vice-Chairman at Engels & Volkers AG, a real estate firm. Former head of global financial activities for UBP, a Swiss private bank owned by Picciotto’s family.
  104. Plouvier, Diane & Denis: Denis is the owner of Trousseau linen company (https://www.denisplouvier.fblank
  105. Polii, Edoardo: Powerboat champion and textile entrepreneur.
  106. Polu, Clary: “Marketing director of Lycos and Meetic, wife of the "startup" Christophe Schaming, co-shareholder of Winamax, the online betting company co-founded by the mysterious passenger of the Lolita Express Nicole Junkermann” (
  107. Porthault, Mr & Mrs: Marc Porthault runs the family linen business, D Porthault. Marc’s parents founded the company. Clients include Bill Gates, Woody Allen, the Mellons, and the Kennedys. Marc’s wife, Isabelle, is the head of human resources of Chanel in Europe.
  108. Porthault, Remi & Isabel: Remi is the marketing director and president of the U.S. subsidiary of D Porthault linens.
  109. Potter, Muffie: Socialite and former executive at Van Cleef & Arpels, a watch company. Married to famed plastic surgeon, Sherrell Aston. She has been photographed with Ghislaine and Peggy Siegal at various events.
  110. Prestin, Electra: Former vice president of merchandising for Ralph Lauren and co-founder of Adam & Eve clothing company. Her father, Lewis T. Preston, was chairman of J.P. Morgan and president of the World Bank (appointed by George H.W. Bush). Her great-grandfather was newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer, whom the Pulitzer Prize is named after. Another great-grandfather of hers was a partner in the Standard Oil Company of John D. Rockefeller.
  111. Price, Judy: Founder of Avenue, a magazine about New York City.
  112. Puig Marc: Chief executive and president of Puig, a fragrance and fashion company.
  113. Quartucci, Alan: Founder of North Shore Bloodstock and North Shore Insurance, thoroughbred bloodstock companies that provide equine insurance, consulting services, racehorse management, and more.
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